Holiday Rustiche Cookies: An Homage to Russ Parsons

Rustiche biscotti

Rustiche (a hard, crunchy, biscotti-like cookie, fragrant with candied citrus) and a cup of tea


For more than twenty years now — since I was twelve years old —  I’ve been curious about an obscure Italian cookie that I’ve never seen or tasted.  Like many eccentric adults, I’ve always been a bit odd.  By the age of thirteen, I had amassed a kick-ass collection of vintage cookbooks with titles like “Cooking from Quilt Country,” “The New Cookbook for Poor Poets,” and “Helen Gurley Brown’s Single Girl Cookbook.”  When not at the library checking out more cookbooks, I would spend hours painstakingly clipping intriguing columns and recipes out of the Los Angeles Times’ Food section and gluing them into dog-eared spiral-bound notebooks that contained my old pre-algebra notes.  (Think of this as a cross between scrapbooking and Pinterest.)  

I especially loved the recipes that were accompanied by an engrossing story.  My mother is a good cook, but rarely made anything beyond Taiwanese or basic American food, and had an aversion to certain delicious ingredients — like bacon, and salt.  Prego-covered soft spaghetti and lightly stir-fried potato sticks represent some of the fondest food memories I have from childhood.  Cookbooks and food articles were one way I could see the world beyond my mother’s suburban kitchen.  And one of the best storytellers that entertained me over the years was Russ Parsons.  

Which is why I was saddened to hear that Russ was taking a buyout and leaving the LA Times this year.  (His last day was the day before Thanksgiving.)  To me, Russ WAS the Times.  Russ coached us through cooking crepes in a home kitchen.  He successfully roasted a leg of lamb at 425 degrees, as documented in an article that I avidly consumed because I hadn’t ever tasted a leg of lamb when I read the article at the age of 16, much less contemplated roasting one.  But the column that really stuck in my brain, ever since I read it as a seventh-grader, was Russ’s article on breakfast cookies.  

The main gist of the article was that during a trip to Florence, Russ and his wife wandered into a bakery where, on a whim, he bought some cookies that he had never seen before or since.  Labeled rustiche, the cookies were “tough little cookie-cakes” filled with dried fruit and nuts, and sustained Russ throughout the rest of his Italian adventures.  A year later, he happened upon a fragment of a rustiche cookie in a coat pocket, and immediately popped it into his mouth — incredibly, still good.  He spent a long time trying to track down a recipe for rustiche, but ultimately was only able to find a richer, sweeter, softer cousin of rustiche called pane del pescatore.  

I finished the article feeling deflated at not being able to make rustiche, but also intrigued by the mystery of it all.  Russ’s description of the cookies and the fun of finding them still edible a year later really fascinated me.  Moreover, my parents raised me on austere Taiwanese snacks — crunchy, nut-packed nougat and oblongs of barely-sweetened shortbread were a mainstay in our household, while chocolate chip cookies were scarce — so I learned to crave sweets that were on the savory side.  Rustiche sounded right up my alley.  

Around that time, I was baking my way through the amazing Maida Heatter’s books, and I discovered her wonderful recipe for Honey Biscotti, spicy with white pepper and ginger.  Over the years, whenever I baked the Honey Biscotti and tried to gnaw through a particularly crunchy piece, I would sometimes be reminded of the mystery of the rustiche cookie.  

But I never really tried to try to solve the rustiche mystery until recently, when I learned about Russ’s retirement from the Times.  I was determined to find the recipe.  I quickly learned that recipe-searching in the post-Internet era is (obviously) so much easier than it was during the microfiche days, but if the recipe has not been posted online, you’re out of luck.  For example, I got the brilliant idea of searching Instagram for #rustiche.  However, this strategy uncovered mostly photos of crinkle-cut potato chips.  #instagramfail

After endless Google searches using the Italian translation function, I narrowed down my search to a couple of different Tuscan recipes: ciambelline rustiche, a donut-shaped cookie that is commonly dunked in wine but that seemed too refined for what Russ had described, and cavallucci di siena, a Christmas cookie that sounded far too sweet and soft to be rustiche.  And I could have sworn, based on his description of the tough, hard texture of the rustiche, that it sounded like biscotti…but Russ’s description of “little nondescript mounds of dough” meant that the traditional sliced biscotti was not what he ate. 

So I closed my browser and threw in the towel.  As Russ did, I stopped trying to find rustiche.  Instead, I tried to recreate what Russ’s description of the rustiche evoked to me.  I based my own version of the mythical rustiche cookie on that favorite biscotti recipe, adding candied orange and lemon peel, raisins, and fennel seed, and dropping the balls of sticky batter onto a cookie sheet.  

Because I wanted organic candied peels, I decided to make my own.  I made quick work out of separating the peels from the oranges and lemons by first scoring them into quarters.  I then removed some of the bitter white pith by scraping it out with a spoon.  

Rustiche biscotti -1


When the spoon proved to do more damage to the peel than I would have liked, I used the paring knife to carefully slice off the pith, keeping the knife blade almost parallel to the cutting board, going very slowly, and making sure that my fingers were out of the way.   

Rustiche biscotti -4


Then, I boiled the peels in several changes of water and let them cool off a bit before I sliced them into 1/4-inch thick strips.


Rustiche biscotti -6


Rustiche biscotti -7

Orange peels, cooling


boiled a simple sugar syrup until it reached 230 degrees F on a candy thermometer and cooked the peels for 10 minutes before I removed them to baking sheets.

Rustiche biscotti -9

Rustiche biscotti -16


After I let the peels dry out at room temperature for about 5 hours, I tossed them in granulated sugar, shaking off the excess.


Rustiche biscotti -17

Finished Candied Lemon Peel and Candied Orange Peel. I cooked the lemon peel at a higher temperature than I should have, resulting in a crunchier peel. For this recipe, I’d suggest lowering the heat of the sugar-peel mixture after tossing in the peels, because you want a softer, chewier peel inside your finished Rustiche cookies.


Next, I mixed up the biscotti batter, dividing it into two bowls.  To half the batter, I added Italian ingredients (the candied peels, along with crushed fennel seeds and raisins), and to the other half of the batter, I added a less-traditional mix of quick-candied apricots, dried cherries, candied ginger, and a little of the candied orange peel.  


Italian version: candied lemon and orange peels, raisins, crushed fennel seeds

Italian rustiche cookies: candied lemon and orange peels, raisins, crushed fennel seeds


New-fangled rustiche: dried cherries, quick-candied apricots, candied orange peel, candied ginger

Newfangled rustiche cookies: dried cherries, quick-candied apricots, candied orange peel, candied ginger


Rustiche batter, ready for baking

Rustiche batter, ready for baking



I baked the cookies at 300 degrees for an hour.  You can shorten the cooking temperature to 45 minutes if you’d prefer a softer cookie.  But I share Russ’s philosophy and tastebuds on this front – I love a cookie that is not-too-sweet and can be dunked into your morning cappuccino or tea.  In fact, I prefer to bake the cookie for an additional 20 minutes at 275 degrees in order to fully dry it out, maximizing crispness (and also, of course, the possibility that they’ll break your teeth).  


Finished rustiche, topped with a little candied orange peel

Finished rustiche, topped with a little candied orange peel


So, these are my rustiche, fragrant with candied peel and perfect for the holidays.  I decided to undertake this project as my very belated way of saying a huge thank you to Russ Parsons.  Thank you for educating me, as a young Taiwanese-American-Angeleno girl, about the many exciting food possibilities beyond suburbia, and for contributing to my lifelong love of interesting food and compelling, evocative food writing.  We, your loyal readers, are excited to see what you will choose as your next adventure.


Rustiche Biscotti Cookies

This festive, fruity, orange-scented cookie is designed to be baked until hard and dry, and eaten dipped in coffee or tea.
Servings 44


  • 1.5 cups whole unblanched almonds
  • 3 eggs
  • 1/2 cup mild honey
  • 1/2 teaspoon almond extract
  • 3 cups plus 1 tablespoon sifted unbleached flour
  • 1.5 teaspoons non-aluminum baking powder such as Rumford or Argo
  • 1/4 teaspoon salt
  • 1/3 cup sugar

Italian Candied Fruit Mixture:

  • 1/4 cup chopped Candied Orange Peel see recipe below
  • 1/4 cup chopped Candied Lemon Peel see recipe below
  • 3/4 cup raisins
  • 3 tsp. coarsely ground fennel seeds grind in a spice or coffee grinder

VARIATION: Apricot-Cherry Fruit Mixture:

  • 1/2 cup sweetened dried cherries chop coarsely before measuring if your cherries are very large
  • 1/2 cup chopped Quick Candied Apricots see recipe below
  • 1/4 cup diced candied ginger
  • 2 Tbsp. Candied Orange Peel see recipe, chopped
  • 1 1/4 teaspoons finely ground white pepper
  • 1 1/4 teaspoons ground ginger



  • Preheat the oven to 375 degrees and bake the almonds in a wide, shallow pan, stirring once for 13 minutes. Set aside to cool. Chop coarsely.
  • Adjust 2 racks to divide the oven into thirds and reduce the oven temperature to 300 degrees. Line two 12-by-15 1/2-inch cookie sheets with aluminum foil (shiny-side-up), Silpat silicone sheets, or parchment paper.
  • In a small bowl beat the eggs with the honey and the vanilla and almond extracts, mixing well, and set aside. Into the large bowl of an electric mixer sift together the flour, baking powder, salt, sugar. Add the beaten egg mixture all at once to the dry ingredients and beat on low speed, scraping the bowl as necessary with a rubber spatula until the mixture holds together. Slowly beat in the nuts and the Italian Candied Fruit Mixture. The mixture will be thick, gooey and rubbery.
  • Drop heaping tablespoonfuls of the mixture onto the two baking sheets, at least 1-inch apart. The mixture will spread only slightly during baking.
  • Bake the cookies in the preheated oven 45 minutes, reversing the sheets top to bottom and front to back once during the baking to ensure even browning. This will make for a hard cookie that still yields slightly to the bite. For a harder cookie that's designed for dipping into coffee or tea, bake for an additional 15 minutes (for a total of 60 minutes). Watch out - you might chip a tooth on these if you try to crunch through them like regular cookies! And for an even crunchier, harder cookie, lower the oven temperature to 275 degrees after the 60-minute baking, and bake for an additional 15 minutes at 275 degrees (for a total of 1 hour and 15 minutes baking time).
  • For the Candied Orange Peel and Candied Lemon Peel: Wash 6-8 organic navel oranges and 5 organic lemons. Remove the peel by cutting off the stem and opposite ends of the fruit and scoring the fruit into quarters with a small knife, as shown in this post. (Set aside the fruit inside the peels and eat or use in another recipe.) Scrape off some of the white pith inside the peels with a small sharp spoon or a small knife. Place the scraped orange peels in a 3-4 qt. pot and fill with water to cover. Bring the peels to a boil and boil for 5 minutes. Drain. Cover the orange peels with water and boil for 5 minutes as before, then drain and remove the orange peels to a cutting board to cool. Repeat the boiling process with the lemon peels, but boil the lemon peels one more time (for a total of three times). Slice the orange and lemon peels 1/4 inch thick (again keeping peels in two separate piles if you don't want to cook them together). In a 3-4 qt. pot, combine 1 cup of water with 2 cups sugar. Stir mixture until dissolved, and bring to a boil and cook until mixture reaches thread stage, about 230 degrees F on a candy thermometer. Stir in orange peel and lower the heat; cook for 10 minutes, stirring frequently. Remove the peels from the sugar mixture and let cool on a cookie sheet lined with parchment, separating the peels so they don't stick together. Bring the sugar mixture back to 230 degrees F and stir in the lemon peels. Lower the temperature and cook the lemon peels for 10 minutes, then remove to another parchment-lined cookie sheet. Let the peels dry for about 24 hours and then toss in about 1/2 cup granulated sugar until lightly coated. (If you need to use the peels for baking sooner than the 24 hours, you can let the peels dry for at least 5 hours and then toss in sugar.)


  • In step 3 under "Instructions," replace the Italian Candied Fruit Mixture with the Apricot-Cherry Fruit Mixture. Prepare the rest of the recipe as directed.
  • For the Quick Candied Apricots (based on the recipe at this link): In a small saucepan over medium heat, whisk 5 Tbsp. water, 3 Tbsp. honey, 3 Tbsp. sugar, and 2 Tbsp. lemon juice until dissolved, then stir in 1/4 lb. dried apricots. Reduce heat to a simmer, cover, and let simmer for 10 minutes. Check once or twice: if there's not enough liquid, add another tablespoon or two of water. Remove cover, raise heat to medium, and cook apricots until syrup is further reduced and has turned into a glaze. Remove saucepan from heat, and remove the apricots to a parchment-lined cookie sheet and let cool.


Adapted from Maida Heatter's Best Dessert Book Ever

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  • Reply Karsha November 29, 2015 at 7:50 pm

    What a beautiful post! Thank you for sharing such an amazing tribute to a writer so many of us loved. Well done!

    • Reply Sunny November 30, 2015 at 12:12 am

      Thank you so much for your kind words, Karsha. I do hope Russ keeps on writing and inspiring us.

  • Reply Antonia Allegra November 29, 2015 at 10:06 pm

    Impeccable recipe testing, Sunny! Follow your talent and do continue in the tradition of Russ’s deep study of the food we, and the people of the world eat!
    You are a detail-specific writer, inspired by Russ, which means you can’t do much better than his mentoring….

    • Reply Sunny November 30, 2015 at 12:20 am

      Antonia, I truly appreciate your precise feedback and the kind comments. Observant and thoughtful food writers like Russ come along infrequently, and their talent and level of attention to detail are models for us all.

  • Reply Marie Simmons November 30, 2015 at 2:24 am

    Late to the party, we’ve just met, although I’ve been a member of Russ’ admiration society for many years. I’m excited to finally meet you and look forward to reading and cooking your words. Thank you!

    • Reply Sunny November 30, 2015 at 6:48 am

      Marie, what an honor to meet you! I am a huge fan. Thank you for stopping by and for your kind words.

  • Reply Emilye November 30, 2015 at 6:44 am

    I am so glad you took the trouble to search for and recreate the rustiche of Russ Parsons’ description as it sounds exactly like my type of cookie 🙂 And I too, am disappointed that no recipe exists for the version written by Russ – so mysterious! But now we have your version, so thank you for your hard work and for sharing!

    • Reply Sunny November 30, 2015 at 6:50 am

      Thanks, Emilye! I always wonder what the original rustiche was like. I hope you like this version. It’s like pocket biscotti, ha! The candied zest really makes it taste like Christmas, which I love.

  • Reply EARTHY PUMPKIN SOUFFLÉ - Brazilian Flair in The USA November 30, 2015 at 6:00 pm

    […] saw this “Holiday Rustiche Cookies” recipe that I can’t wait to make!! Looks […]

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